Bootstrapping India
Main Page     Feedback? MehtaRahulC@yahoo.com



Draft   to   enact  
LM.03   :   Direct   Vote   in   Assembly





Section   1   -  Preamble
The Direct Vote is a procedure for citizens to register his YES/NO DIRECTLY in the Parliament.

Section   2   :   Format   of   the   Act
2.1 Each clause of this law is a procedure or an instruction and has a list of persons for whom that procedure/instruction is meant for. The instructed person may depute a person to fulfil the task, but the first person shall be responsible for the deputed person.
2.2 The rupee amount in this text uses price level of the date on which this Resolution was passed. The officer in-charge may adjust the amount every 6 months using an inflation index issued by RBI.

Section   3   :   Administrative   Setup
3.1 [Procedure for PM ; Purpose - Appointment of senior officer] Within 7 days after passing the Resolution, the PM would appoint a Registrar per District, or assign the duties of the Registrar, as defined in this act, to an existing officer such as District Collector or any District level other officer.
3.2 [Procedure for Registrar ; Purpose - to establish contacts with thousands of citizens] The Registrar may appoint the clerks on a temporary basis or may take existing clerks from State/Central Government.
3.3 [Procedure for Registrar ; Purpose - Identification of citizen] The Registrar may use ration card or the voter card issued by Election Commissioner as ID. The Registrar may issue new ID cards to an eligible voter in the city. The Registrar may or may not charge a fee to cover the cost of issuing this ID. The Registrar will decide the cost.

Section   4   :   Citizens   Presenting   a   Bill   to   the   Loksabha   Speaker
4.1 [Procedure for Speaker ; Purpose - Citizen presenting bill in Loksabha] The Speaker of the Loksabha will accept a bill from any citizen for a fee of less than Rs 10,00,000/- and issue a serial number to the bill.
4.2 [Procedures for Speaker] Within 2 days after accepting the bill, the Speaker will instruct the PM and Registrars to collect citizensí YES/NO on the bill.

Section   5   :   Collecting   citizensí   YES/NO   on   Bills
5.1 [Procedure for Registrar/Clerks ; Purpose - Procedure for citizen to approve/disapprove a Bill presented in the Loksabha]

A) In next 60 days after a Bill is presented by the citizen, the Registrar and his clerks will allow the citizens to register their YES or NO on the Bill.
The clerk will take following things from the citize : a)Rs 2 to Rs 5/- fee   b)citizen's ID   c)Billís serial number   d)his YES or NO preference. The clerk will then make the entries in the computer and will give a computer generated receipt to the citizen.

B)The Registrars may delegate the task to the village Talaties. If done so, the Talaties must send the summary reports to the Tahasildaar by every Monday, who will then send it to the Collector or the Registrar by Wednusday, who will then send it to the Speaker by Friday.
5.2 [Procedure for Speaker] Within next 30 days after a Bill is presented, the Speaker will allow the MPs to register their YES/NO in his chamber or in Speakerís secretaryís chamber.
5.3 [Instruction for Speaker] The MPís vote will count only for those voters who have not voted on the bill. If an MP does NOT register his YES/NO, the Speaker will count his vote as NO.
5.4 [Procedure for Speaker] The Speaker will use following formula to calculate the YES-fraction from a Loksabha constituency

       Y = Number of voters who voted YES
       N = Number of voters who voted  NO
       T = Total number. of voters in that constituency.       
       M = Number of voters who did not vote on the Bill 
         = T - Y - N  = MPís vote's weight

     Then for THAT constituency,
       if MP votes YES, then YES-fraction will be (Y+M)/T and 
                              NO-fraction will be  N/T
       if MP votes NO,  then YES-fraction will be  Y/T and 
                              NO-fraction will be (N+M)/T.
       if MP abstains,  then YES-fraction will be Y/T and 
                              NO-fraction will be N/T.

 (The rounding will be done to two digits of decimal. 
  The Speakerís decision on rounding will be final.)

Section   6   :   Passing   of   Bill
6.1 [Procedure for Speaker] The Speaker will add YES-fractions and NO-fractions of all the Loksabha Constituencies to obtain the total YES-fraction and total NO-fraction of India.
6.2 [Procedure for Speaker] The Speaker will declare bill as "passed" if YES-fraction is larger than NO-fraction.

Section   7   :   Passing   of   Bill   in   Rajya   Sabha  
7.1 The word "Speaker" in this section means the Speaker of Rajyasabha.
7.2 [Procedure for Speaker] Within 30 days after a bill has been presented in the Loksabha, a member of Rajyasabha can register his YES/NO on the bill before the Speaker. If a Member of Rajyasabha does NOT register his YES/NO, the Speaker will take it as a NO.
7.3 [Procedure for Speaker] The Speaker will use following formula to calculate the YES-fraction and NO-fraction for each of the States

        Y = Number of voters in a State who voted YES
        N = Number of voters in a State who voted  NO
        T = Total number of citizen-voters in that State
        U = Number of citizens who didnít vote = T - Y - N  

       MY = Number of Rajya Sabha Members of that State who voted YES
       MN = Number of Rajya Sabha Members of that State who voted NO 
            (or did not register their vote)
       MT = Total number of Rajya Sabha Members from that State.

   Then, for that state,
      YES-fraction = Y/T + MY/MT*U/T
      NO-fraction  = N/T + MN/MT*U/T
   And 
      State's Weighted-YES-Fraction = (YES-fraction of that State)* MT
      State's Weighted-NO-Fraction  = (NO-fraction  of that State)* MT 
7.4 [Procedure for the Speaker] The Speaker will add up the Weighted YES and NO fractions of all the States. If the YES fraction exceeds NO fraction, the Speaker will declare the bill as passed, else he will declare the bill as failed.
7.5 [Procedure Instruction for PM] If the Bill fails, it will be declared failed and there will be no joint session for a Bill introduced by a private citizen. If bill is passed by both the Houses, the PM will send the Bill to the President.

Section   8   :   Procedure   in   case   the   President   returns   the   Bill
8.1 If the President returns the Bill, the Loksabha Speaker will re-introduce it in the Loksabha within 7 days without any fees. The citizens may or may not re-register their YES/NO preferences within 60 days, after paying the fees at the Registrar's offices. The MPs may or may not re-register their preferences. The counting will be using the same 2 rules --- a)MP's YES/NO will represent all citizens who havent registered their preferences and b)if MP doesnt vote, it will be taken as NO.
8.2 If the Bill passes again from both the houses, it will NOT be sent to President. Once the Speaker of Rajyasabha declares the Bill as passed, it will be taken as the law.


------------------------[end of the Draft]------------------