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Draft   to   enact  
LM.02   :   Direct   Vote   in   Assembly





Section   1   :   Citizens   Presenting   a   Bill   to   the   Assembly   Speaker
1.1 The word citizen would mean a registered voter.
1.2 [Procedure for Speaker] The Speaker of the Assembly will accept a bill from any citizen for a fee of Rs 10,000/- and issue a serial number to the bill.
1.3 [Procedure for Talati/Clerks] In next 90 days after a Bill is presented by the citizen, the Talati/clerks will allow the citizens to register their YES/NO on the Bill. The clerk will take following things from the citize : a)Rs 2 to Rs 5/- fee   b)citizen's ID   c)Billís serial number   d)his YES or NO preference. The clerk will then make the entries in the computer and will give a computer generated receipt to the citizen.
1.4 The Talati, for a fee of upto Rs 5, will allow the citizen to change his YES/NO.
1.5 [Procedure for Talati] The Talati will post the names, serial numbers etc of the citizens who have registered their YES/NO on the internet.

Section   2   :   Passing   of   Bill
2.1 [Instruction for Speaker] From 91st to 100th day after issuing the serial number, the Speaker will allow MLAs to register total or partial YES/NO. If an MLA does NOT register YEs/NO, the Speaker will count his vote as total-NO.
2.2 [Procedure for Speaker] The Speaker will calculate the YES-fraction and No-fraction every assembly constituency as follows :

       T =  Total No. of voters in that constituency.       
       Y = No. of voters who voted YES, so citizens' YES-fraction = Y/T
       N = Number of voters who voted NO, so citizens' NO-fraction = N/T
       M = No. of voters who did not vote on the Bill = T - Y - N
Now as per the values of our Constitution and Democracy, it is necessary that MLA's vote represents citizens' YES/NO. In other words, if Y/T of citizens have registered YES and N/T citizens have registered NO, then as per Democracy and the Constitution, it is necessary, that MLA's vote's YES-fraction is above Y/T as well as NO-fraction is above N/T. and , it is necessary  flects citizens  if MLA's YES-fraction is below Y/T, or 
     Then for THAT constituency,
       if MLA votes YES,   then YES-fraction will be (Y+M)/T and 
                                 NO-fraction will be N/T
       if MLA votes NO,     then YES-fraction will be Y/T and 
                                  NO-fraction will be (N+M)/T.
       if the MLA abstains, then YES-fraction will be Y/T and 
                                  NO-fraction will be N/T.

3.3 [Procedure for Speaker] The Speaker will add YES-fractions and NO-fractions of all the Assembly segments to obtain the total YES fraction of the State.
3.4 [Procedure for Speaker] The Speaker will declare bill as "passed" if YES-fraction is larger than NO-fraction. Else he will declare bill as defeated.

Section   4   :   Passing   of   Bill   in   Vidhan   Parishad  

(This section is ONLY for the states with Vidhan Parishad)
4.1 SVP means the Speaker of Vidhan Parishad.
4.2 [Procedure for SVP] Within 30 days after a bill has been presented, a member of Vidhan Parishad can register his YES/NO on the bill before SVP. If a member of Vidhan Parishad does NOT register his YES/NO, SVP will take it as a NO.
4.3 [Procedure for SVP] SVP will use following formula to calculate the YES fraction and NO fraction

        Y = Number of voters in the State who voted YES
        N = Number of voters in the State who voted  NO
        T = Total number of citizen-voters in the State
        U = Number of citizens who didnít vote = T - Y - N  

       MY = Number of Members of Vidhan Parishad who voted YES
       MN = Number of Members  of Vidhan Parishad who voted NO 
            (or did not register their vote)
       MT = Total number of Members 

   In that case,
      YES fraction = Y/T + MY/MT*U/T
      NO  fraction = N/T + MN/MT*U/T 
4.4 [Procedure for SVP] If the YES fraction exceeds NO fraction, Speaker of Vidhan Parishad will declare the bill as passed, else he will declare the bill as failed.


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